World Languages and their Speaking Countries

by Charles Channing, Tuesday, June 3rd, 2014 at 6:21 am

(Fun & Cool, Global Marketing, Language & Translation)


The following is a comprehensive list of speaking countries for all major world languages.

World Languages and their Speaking Countries

World Languages and their Speaking Countries

Indo-European languages

Armenian

  • Armenia (official)
  • Georgia (significant minority)
  • Argentina (minority)
  • Brazil (minority)
  • Cyprus (minority)
  • France (minority)
  • Greece (minority)
  • Iran (minority)
  • Lebanon (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Spain (minority)
  • Syria (minority)
  • Turkey (minority)
  • UK (minority)
  • US (minority)

Baltic

  • Canada (unofficial, spoken in Canada)

Latgalian

  • Latvia (unofficial, spoken in Latgalia)
  • Russia (significant minority in Siberia)

Latvian

  • Latvia (official)

Lithuanian

  • Lithuania (official)
  • Latvia (minority)
  • Poland (minority, majority in the city of Puńsk)

Celtic

Breton

  • France (minority language in Brittany, but unofficial)

Cornish

  • United Kingdom (minority language in Cornwall, but unofficial)

Irish

  • Ireland (co-official with English)
  • United Kingdom (minority and official in Northern Ireland)
  • USA (minority)

 Manx

  • Isle of Man (minority)

Scottish Gaelic

  • Canada (minority in Nova Scotia)
  • Scotland (significant minority in Scotland)
  • USA (minority)

Welsh

  • Argentina (significant minority in Chubut)
  • Wales (spoken by approximately 20% of the population in Wales and co-official with English)
  • USA (minority)

 

Germanic

Afrikaans

  • South Africa (co-official with 10 other languages)
  • Namibia (not official)
  • Argentina (minority)
  • Australia (minority)
  • Belgium (minority)
  • Germany (minority)
  • Netherlands (minority)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)

 Alsatian

  • France (regional language in Alsace)

Danish

  • Denmark (official)
  • Germany (in Schleswig-Holstein, official recognised minority language)
  • Faroe Islands (co-official alongside with Faroese)
  • Greenland (minority)
  • Iceland (minority)

Dutch

  • Europe

    • Netherlands (official)
    • Belgium (co-official with French and German)
    • France (in French Flanders)
    • Germany (in Low Rhine Country)
  • South America

    • Suriname (official)
    • Aruba (co-official with Papiamento)
    • Curaçao (co-official with English and Papiamento)
    • Sint Maarten (co-official with English)
    • French Guiana (unofficial, spoken in Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni)

English

Countries

  • Africa

    • Botswana (co-official with Tswana)
    • Cameroon (co-official with French)
    • Gambia (official)
    • Ghana (official)
    • Kenya (co-official with Swahili)
    • Lesotho (co-official with Sesotho)
    • Liberia (official)
    • Malawi (official)
    • Mauritius (official)
    • Namibia (official)
    • Nigeria (official)
    • Rwanda (co-official with Kinyarwanda and French)
    • Seychelles (co-official with French and Seychellois Creole)
    • Sierra Leone (official)
    • South Africa (co-official with 10 other languages)
    • South Sudan (official)
    • Swaziland (co-official with Swati)
    • Uganda (co-official with Swahili)
    • Zambia (official)
    • Zimbabwe (official)
  • Americas

    • Antigua and Barbuda (official)
    • Bahamas (official)
    • Barbados (official)
    • Belize (official)
    • Canada (official, see Canadian English)
    • Dominica (official)
    • Grenada (official)
    • Guyana (official)
    • Jamaica (official, see Jamaican English)
    • Saint Kitts and Nevis (official)
    • Saint Lucia (official)
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (official)
    • Trinidad and Tobago (official)
    • United States (de facto, see American English)
  • Asia

    • Bahrain (Unofficial)
    • India (co-official with 21 other languages)
    • Lebanon (significant minority)
    • Pakistan (co-official with Urdu)
    • Philippines (co-official with Filipino, and with regional languages as auxiliary official languages)
    • Singapore (co-official with Tamil, Mandarin, and Malay)
    • Sri Lanka (co-official)
    • Bangladesh (de-facto co-official with Bengali)
    • Malaysia (co-official with Tamil, Mandarin, and Malay)
    • Brunei (co-official with Mandarin, and Malay)
  • Europe

    • Ireland (co-official with Irish, see Hiberno-English)
    • Malta (co-official with Maltese)
    • United Kingdom (co-official with Welsh, see British English)
  • Oceania

    • Australia (de facto, see Australian English)
    • Fiji (co-official with Fijian and Hindustani)
    • Kiribati (co-official with Kiribati)
    • Marshall Islands (co-official with Marshallese)
    • Federated States of Micronesia
    • Nauru (de facto)
    • New Zealand (co-official with Māori and New Zealand Sign Language; see also New Zealand English)
    • Palau (co-official with Palauan)
    • Papua New Guinea (co-official with Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu)
    • Solomon Islands (official)
    • Vanuatu (co-official with Bislama and French)
  • Dependent Entities

    • American Samoa (co-official with Samoan)
    • British Indian Ocean Territory (de facto)
    • Anguilla (official)
    • Bermuda (official)
    • British Virgin Islands (official)
    • Cayman Islands (official)
    • Christmas Island (official)
    • Cook Islands (co-official with Cook Islands Māori)
    • Falkland Islands (official)
    • Gibraltar (official)
    • Guam (co-official with Chamorro)
    • Guernsey (official)
    • Hong Kong (co-official with Chinese)
    • Isle of Man (official)
    • Jersey (official)
    • Montserrat (official)
    • Norfolk Island (co-official with Norfuk)
    • Northern Mariana Islands (co-official with Chamorro and Carolinian)
    • Pitcairn Islands (co-official with Pitkern)
    • Puerto Rico (co-official with Spanish)
    • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (official)
    • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (official)
    • Turks and Caicos Islands (official)
    • United States Virgin Islands (official)

Faroese

  • Faroe Islands (co-official with Danish)
  • Denmark (not official)

Frisian

  • Denmark (minority)
  • Germany (official recognised minority language)
  • Netherlands (minority language in Friesland)

German

  • Europe

    • Austria (official)
    • Germany (official)
    • Liechtenstein (official)
    • Switzerland (co-official with French and Italian)
    • Belgium (official with Dutch and French)
    • Hungary (co-official with Hungarian in the city of Sopron)
    • Italy (co-official with Italian in South Tyrol)
    • Luxembourg (co-official with French and Luxembourgish)
    • Poland (co-official as auxiliary language in the Opole Voivodeship)
    • Vatican City (official with other languages, language of the Swiss Guard)
    • France (minority in Alsace and Lorraine)
    • Czech Republic (minority)
    • Denmark (minority)
    • Romania (minority)
    • Russia (minority)
  • Other countries

    • Argentina (minority)
    • Brazil (minority)
    • Kazakhstan (minority)
    • Chile (minority)
    • Namibia (co-official as auxiliary language)
    • United States (minority)

 Icelandic

  • Iceland (official)
  • Denmark (minority)

 Low German

  • Germany (recognized as regional language)
  • Netherlands (recognized as regional language)

 Norwegian

  • Norway (official, including Svalbard and Jan Mayen)

Scots

  • Scotland (minority in Scotland)
  • Ireland (minority in Ireland)

 Swedish

  • Sweden (official)
  • Finland (co-official with Finnish).
  • Åland (official)
  • Estonia (minority)

 

Greek

  • Greece (official)
  • Cyprus (co-official with Turkish)
  • Albania (minority)
  • Armenia (minority)
  • Hungary (minority)
  • Italy (minority)
  • Macedonia (minority)
  • Romania (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Syria (minority)
  • Turkey (minority)
  • Ukraine (minority)

 

Iranian languages

Balochi

  • Afghanistan (significant minority in Balochistan)
  • Iran (significant minority in Balochistan)
  • Pakistan (Majority in Balochistan)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)

Persian(Farsi)

  • Afghanistan (co-official as Dari, with Pashto)
  • Bahrain (minority)
  • Germany (minority)
  • Iran (official)
  • Iraq (significant minority)
  • Pakistan (minority)
  • Qatar (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Tajikistan (official, as Tajik)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)
  • United States (minority)
  • Uzbekistan (minority)

 Tajik

  • Afghanistan (significant minority)
  • China (minority)
  • Iran (minority)
  • Kazakhstan (minority)
  • Kyrgyzstan (minority)
  • Pakistan (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Tajikistan (official)
  • Turkmenistan (minority)
  • Uzbekistan (minority)

Kurdish

  • Armenia (recognized minority)
  • Iran (regional)
  • Iraq (official)
  • Syria (significant minority)
  • Turkey (significant minority)

Mazandarani

  • Iran (unofficial, in Māzandarān Province)

Pashto

  • Afghanistan (co-official as Pashto), with Dari)
  • Iran (minority)
  • Pakistan (Significant minority, Second most spoken language after Punjabi)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)
  • India (minority)

Indo-Aryan

Angika

  • Cambodia (minority language)
  • India (majority in Anga, significant minority in the rest of the country)
  • Laos (minority language)
  • Malaysia (minority language)
  • Nepal (minority language)
  • Vietnam (minority language)

Assamese

  • Bangladesh (minority)
  • Bhutan (minority)
  • India (official language along with 21 others)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)

Awadhi

  • Bhutan (minority)
  • India (majority in Uttar Pradesh, minority in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Delhi)

Bengali

  • Bangladesh (official)
  • India (official, along with 21 others, mostly in West Bengal, Tripura, significant minority in Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa)
  • Sierra Leone (official, along with English)
  • Malaysia (significant minority)
  • Pakistan (significant minority, mostly in Karachi)
  • Saudi Arabia (significant minority)
  • United Kingdom (significant minority)
  • United States (significant minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (significant minority)
  • Australia (minority)
  • Canada (minority)
  • Italy (minority)
  • Japan (minority)
  • Kuwait (minority)
  • Maldives (minority)
  • Nepal (minority)
  • Oman (minority)
  • Qatar (minority)
  • Singapore (minority)
  • South Africa (minority)
  • South Korea (minority)

Bhili

  • India (minority)

Bhojpuri

  • Australia (minority)
  • Fiji (minority)
  • Guyana (minority)
  • India (in Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh)
  • Mauritius (minority)
  • Nepal (minority)
  • Seychelles (minority)
  • South Africa (minority)
  • Suriname (minority)
  • Trinidad and Tobago (minority)
  • United Kingdom (minority)

Bishnupriya Manipuri

  • India (minority, mostly in Manipur, Assam and Tripura)
  • Bangladesh (minority)
  • Burma (minority)

Chakma

  • Bangladesh (minority, mostly in Chittagong Division)
  • India (minority, mostly in Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh)

Chhattisgarhi

  • India (majority in Chhattisgarh, minority in Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Bihar)

Chittagonian

  • Bangladesh (significant minority, major language of Chittagong Division of Bangladesh)
  • Burma (minority, mostly in Arakan and Yangon)
  • Kuwait (minority)
  • Oman (minority)
  • Pakistan (minority, mostly in Karachi)
  • Qatar (minority)
  • Saudi Arabia (minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)

Dhivehi

  • India (in Lakshadweep)
  • Maldives (official)

Dogri

  • Pakistan (in Punjab, and Azad Kashmir)
  • India (in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh))

Domari

  • Afghanistan (minority)
  • Algeria (minority)
  • Armenia (minority)
  • Azerbaijan (minority)
  • Bangladesh (minority)
  • Egypt (minority)
  • Georgia (minority)
  • India (minority)
  • Iran (significant minority)
  • Iraq (minority)
  • Israel (minority)
  • Jordan (minority)
  • Kazakhstan (minority)
  • Kyrgyzstan (minority)
  • Kuwait (minority)
  • Pakistan (minority)
  • Palestine (minority)
  • Lebanon (minority)
  • Libya (minority)
  • Morocco (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Sudan (minority)
  • Syria (minority)
  • Tajikistan (minority)
  • Tunisia (minority)
  • Turkey (minority)
  • Turkmenistan (minority)
  • Uzbekistan (minority)

Gujarati

  • Australia (minority)
  • Canada (significant minority)
  • India (official in Gujarat)
  • Pakistan (significant minority)
  • South Africa (significant minority)
  • Kenya (minority)
  • Mauritius (minority)
  • Tanzania (minority)
  • Uganda (minority)
  • United Kingdom (significant minority)
  • United States (significant minority)
  • Zimbabwe (minority)

Hajong

  • India (minority, mostly in Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal)
  • Bangladesh (minority)

Halbi

  • India (in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh)

Hindi

  • Fiji (co-official as Hindustani, with Fijian and English)
  • India (co-official with 21 others)
  • Pakisthan (majority)
  • Australia (minority)
  • Canada (minority)
  • Mauritius (minority)
  • Nepal minority
  • Singapore (minority)
  • South Africa (minority)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)

Kalash

  • Pakistan (minority)
  • Afghanistan (minority)

Kashmiri

  • India (official, spoken in Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh)
  • Pakistan (in Azad Kashmir)
  • United Kingdom (immigrants from Pakistani Azad Kashmir)

Khandeshi

  • India (minority, spoken in Maharashtra, Gujarat)

Khowar

  • Pakistan (majority in Chitral, minority in Gilgit)

Konkani

  • India (official in Konkan)

Kumaoni

  • India (majority in Uttarakhand) (minority in Assam)

Lomavren

  • Armenia (minority)
  • Azerbaijan (minority)
  • Bulgaria (minority)
  • Georgia (minority)
  • Iran (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Syria (minority)

Magadhi

  • India (official in Bihar)

Maithili

  • India (official in Bihar)
  • Nepal (significant minority in Terai)

Mal Paharia

  • India (minority, mostly in Jharkhand and West Bengal)
  • Bangladesh (minority)

Marathi

  • India (official along with 21 others, widely spoken in Maharashtra and Goa & parts of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Sindh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
  • Australia (Significant minority)
  • Bahrain (Significant minority)
  • New Zealand (Significant minority)
  • South Africa (Significant minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (Significant minority)
  • United Kingdom (Significant minority)
  • United States (Significant minority)
  • Israel (minority)
  • Mauritius (minority)
  • Singapore (minority)

Marwari

  • India (primarily in Rajasthan and Gujarat)

Nepali

  • Bhutan (unofficial)
  • India (official in Sikkim),(Regional language in West Bengal)
  • Nepal (official)
  • Hong Kong (unofficial)
  • United Kingdom (unofficial)

Oriya

  • Bangladesh (minority)
  • India (official in Orissa)

Punjabi

  • Pakistan (Most-largest ethnic group)
  • India (official with others)
  • United Kingdom (significant minority)
  • Canada (minority)
  • United States (minority)

Rajasthani

  • India (official along with others)
  • Pakistan (minority)

Rajbanshi

  • India (minority)
  • Bangladesh (minority)
  • Nepal (minority)

Rohingya

  • Burma (minority, mostly in Arakan, Burma)
  • Bangladesh (minority, mostly in Chittagong Division, Bangladesh)
  • Pakistan (minority, mostly in Karachi)
  • India (minority)
  • Malaysia (minority)
  • Oman (minority)
  • Saudi Arabia (minority)
  • Thailand (minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)
  • Tamil India
  • Sri Lanka
  • Philippines
  • Malaysia
  • Singapore
  • Réunion
  • Mauritius
  • Indonesia
  • Burma
  • South Africa
  • Thailand
  • Guyana
  • Fiji
  • Suriname
  • Trinidad and Tobago

Romani

  • Asia

    • Afghanistan (minority)
    • Armenia (minority)
    • Bangladesh (minority)
    • India (minority)
    • Iran (minority)
    • Kazakhstan (minority)
    • Kyrgyzstan (minority)
    • Pakistan (minority)
    • Tajikistan (minority)
    • Turkmenistan (minority)
    • Uzbekistan (minority)
  • Europe

    • Albania (minority)
    • Austria (minority)
    • Belarus (minority)
    • Belgium (minority)
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina (minority)
    • Bulgaria (significant minority)
    • Croatia (minority)
    • Cyprus (minority)
    • Czech Republic (minority)
    • Denmark (minority)
    • Estonia (minority)
    • Finland (officially recognised minority language)
    • France (minority)
    • Germany (officially recognised minority language)
    • Greece (minority)
    • Hungary (significant minority, officially recognised minority language)
    • Ireland (minority)
    • Italy (minority)
    • Kosovo (officially recognized minority language)
    • Latvia (minority)
    • Lithuania (minority)
    • Macedonia (official in Šuto Orizari Municipality)
    • Moldova (minority)
    • Montenegro (minority)
    • Netherlands (minority)
    • Norway (officially recognised minority language)
    • Poland (minority)
    • Portugal (minority)
    • Romania (co-official in 79 rural communes)
    • Russia (officially recognised minority language)
    • Serbia (officially recognised minority language)
    • Slovakia (minority)
    • Slovenia (officially recognised minority language)
    • Spain (minority)
    • Sweden (officially recognised minority language)
    • Switzerland (minority)
    • Turkey (minority)
    • Ukraine (minority)
    • United Kingdom (minority)
  • North America

    • United States (minority)
    • Canada (minority)

Sindhi

  • Hong Kong (minority)
  • India (official with others)
  • Oman (minority)
  • Pakistan (majority)
  • Philippines (minority)
  • Singapore (minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)

Sinhalese

  • Sri Lanka (co-official with Tamil)

Sylheti

  • Bangladesh (major language of Sylhet Division of Bangladesh)
  • India (significant minority in the state of Assam, especially in Barak Valley)
  • United Kingdom (significant minority)
  • United States (minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)

Tanchangya

  • Bangladesh (minority; mainly in Chittagong Division, related to Chakma, Chittagonian, Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit Rohingya and Bengali language)
  • India (minority; mainly in Indian states of Assam, Tripura and Mizoram)
  • Burma (minority; mainly in Rakhine State, and few of them in Chin State and Yangon Division of Burma)

Urdu

  • Bahrain (minority)
  • Bangladesh (significant minority)
  • Fiji (co-official as Hindustani with English and Fijian)
  • India (co-official with 21 others)
  • Nepal (minority)
  • Mauritius (minority)
  • Oman (minority)
  • Pakistan (co-official with English)
  • Qatar (minority)
  • Saudi Arabia (minority)
  • South Africa (minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)

Romance languages

Catalan

  • Andorra (official)
  • France (in Northern Catalonia)
  • Italy (a significant minority in Alghero)
  • Spain (co-official with Spanish in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and Valencia. In El Carche (Murcia) and La Franja (Aragon) it is not official).

Corsican

  • France (regional language in Corsica)
  • Italy (minority in Sardinia)

French

  • Europe

    • Andorra (spoken, not official)
    • Belgium (co-official with Dutch and German)
    • France (official)
    • Italy (co-official in the Aosta Valley)
    • Luxembourg (co-official with German and Luxembourgish)
    • Monaco (official)
    • Switzerland (co-official with German, Italian, and Romansh)
  • Africa

    • Algeria (unofficial, but widely used)
    • Benin (official)
    • Burkina Faso (official)
    • Burundi (co-official with Kirundi)
    • Cameroon (co-official with English)
    • Central African Republic (co-official with Sango)
    • Chad (co-official with Arabic)
    • Comoros (co-official with Arabic and Comorian)
    • Cote d’ivoire (official)
    • Democratic Republic of the Congo (official)
    • Republic of the Congo (official)
    • Djibouti (co-official with Arabic)
    • Equatorial Guinea (co-official with Spanish)
    • Gabon (official)
    • Guinea (official)
    • Madagascar (co-official with Malagasy)
    • Mali (official)
    • Mauritania (de facto)
    • Mauritius (de facto)
    • Morocco (de facto)
    • Niger (official)
    • Rwanda (co-official with English and Kinyarwanda)
    • Senegal (official; Wolof most widely spoken)
    • Seychelles (co-official with English and Seychellois Creole)
    • Togo (official)
    • Tunisia (unofficial, but widely used)
  • Americas

    • Canada (co-official with English; majority in Quebec, minority in New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba)
    • French Guiana (official)
    • Guadeloupe (official)
    • Haiti (co-official with Haitian Creole)
    • Martinique (official)
    • Saint Barthelemy (official)
    • Saint Martin (official)
    • Saint Pierre and Miquelon (official)
    • United States (minority language, especially in Louisiana, Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire)[3]
    • Brazil (minority, significantly in RJ/ES and other coastal states; see French, Belgian and Swiss Brazilians
      French had a high status in Brazil before the rise of English as a major global language)
  • Asia

    • Cambodia (minority)
    • Laos (administrative language)
    • Lebanon (co-official with Arabic)
    • India (in Puducherry, co-official with Tamil, Telugu, and Malayalam)
  • Oceania

    • French Polynesia (official)
    • New Caledonia (official)
    • Vanuatu (co-official with English and Bislama)
    • Wallis and Futuna (official)

Galician

  • Galicia (co-official with Spanish)
  • Argentina (minority, from immigration)
  • Brazil (minority, from immigration)
  • Cuba (minority, from immigration)
  • France (minority, from immigration)
  • Germany (minority, from immigration)
  • Switzerland (minority, from immigration)
  • Uruguay (minority, from immigration)
  • Venezuela (minority, from immigration)

Italian

  • Europe

    • Albania (minority)
    • Belgium (minority)
    • Croatia (official status in Istria)
    • France (minority language in  Corsica)
    • Germany (minority)
    • Italy (official)
    • Luxembourg (minority)
    • Malta (unofficial, but widely spoken; some 66% of the population)
    • Monaco (unofficial, but widely spoken)
    • San Marino (official)
    • Slovenia (co-official in Koper, Izola and Piran)
    • Switzerland (co-official with French, German, and Romansh)
    • Vatican City (official)
  • Africa

    • Eritrea (minority)
    • Libya (minority)
    • Somalia (minority)
  • Americas
    • Argentina (minority)
    • Brazil (minority)
    • Canada (minority)
    • Peru (minority)
    • United States (minority)
    • Uruguay (minority)
    • Venezuela (minority)
  • Oceania

    • Australia (unofficial, but widely used)

Jèrriais

  • Jersey (unofficial)
  • Sark (unofficial)

Latin

  • Vatican City (official, but not spoken)

Mirandese

  • Portugal (co-official with Portuguese in the municipalities of Miranda do Douro, Mogadouro and Vimioso)

Portuguese

  • Europe

    • Portugal (official)
    • Spain (significant minority in Olivenza)
    • France (significant minority)
    • Luxembourg (significant minority)
    • Switzerland (significant minority)
    • Andorra (significant minority)
    • Germany (significant minority)
  • Africa

    • Angola (official)
    • Cape Verde (official)
    • Guinea-Bissau (official)
    • Equatorial Guinea (co-official with Spanish and French)
    • Mozambique (official)
    • São Tomé and Príncipe (official)
    • South Africa (minority)
    • Namibia (minority)
  • Americas

    • Brazil (official, see Brazilian Portuguese)
    • USA (significant minority)
    • Canada (significant minority)
    • Paraguay (significant minority)
    • Uruguay (minority; see Portuñol)
    • Venezuela (significant minority)
  • Asia

    • East Timor (co-official with Tetum)
    • Japan (significant minority)
    • Macau (co-official with Chinese)
    • India (minority in Goa State)

Romanian

  • Bulgaria (minority)
  • Italy (minority)
  • Moldova (official)
  • Romania (official)
  • Spain (minority)
  • Serbia (co-official in province of Vojvodina with 5 other languages)

Romansh

  • Switzerland (co-official with French, Italian, and German)

Spanish

  • Europe

    • Spain (official)
    • Andorra (majority)
    • France (minority)
    • Germany (minority)
    • Gibraltar (not official – majority)
    • Italy (minority)
    • United Kingdom (minority)
  • Africa

    • Equatorial Guinea (co-official)
    • Morocco (not official – minority)
    • Western Sahara (co-official)
    • Ceuta (official)
    • Melilla (official)
    • Canary Islands (official)
    • Gabon, Cocobeach (official)
  • Americas

    • Argentina (official)
    • Bolivia (co-official with Quechua and Aymara)
    • Chile (official)
    • Colombia (official)
    • Costa Rica (official)
    • Cuba (official)
    • Dominican Republic (official)
    • Ecuador (official)
    • El Salvador (official)
    • Guatemala (official)
    • Honduras (official)
    • Mexico (de facto)
    • Nicaragua (official)
    • Panama (official)
    • Paraguay (co-official with Guaraní)
    • Peru (official)
    • Puerto Rico (official)
    • Uruguay (official)
    • Venezuela (official)
  • Other countries

    • Belize (plurality, but unofficial)
    • Japan (minority)
    • Philippines (former official language, spoken by a minority)
    • United States (not official – significant minority)[3]
    • Brazil (not official – minority)

Slavic

Belarusian

  • Belarus (co-official with Russian)
  • Lithuania (minority)
  • Poland (minority)
  • Russia (minority)

Bosnian

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (co-official with Croatian and Serbian)
  • Croatia (significant minority)
  • Macedonia (minority)
  • Montenegro (minority) (minority, official in Sandžak)
  • Serbia (significant minority, official in Sandžak)
  • Turkey (significant minority)

Bulgarian

  • Bulgaria (official)
  • Greece (minority)
  • Macedonia (minority)
  • Moldova (minority)
  • Romania (minority)
  • Serbia (minority)
  • Turkey (minority)
  • Ukraine (minority)

Croatian

  • Austria (co-official with German and Hungarian in Burgenland)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (co-official with Bosnian and Serbian)
  • Croatia (official)
  • Italy (co-official in Molise)
  • Montenegro (official)
  • Serbia (co-official in province of Vojvodina with 5 other languages)

Czech

  • Austria (minority)
  • Croatia (minority)
  • Czech Republic (official)
  • Germany (minority)
  • Slovakia (minority)

Kashubian

  • Poland (official in Pomerania)

Macedonian

  • Albania (minority, official in Pustec Municipality)
  • Macedonia (official)
  • Greece (minority)
  • Bulgaria (minority)
  • Serbia (minority, official in two municipalities)
  • Kosovo (minority)
  • Romania (minority)

Polish

  • Europe
  • Belarus (significant minority)
  • Lithuania (significant minority)
  • Poland (official)
  • Ukraine (significant minority)
  • Other countries
    • Brazil (minority; see Polish Brazilian)
    • United States (not official – minority)[3]

Russian

  • Armenia (significant minority)
  • Azerbaijan (significant minority)
  • Belarus (co-official with Belarusian)
  • Bulgaria (minority)
  • Estonia (significant minority)
  • Finland (minority)
  • Georgia (significant minority)
  • Germany (minority)
  • Greece (minority)
  • Israel (significant minority)
  • Jordan (significant minority)
  • Kazakhstan (co-official with Kazakh)
  • Kyrgyzstan (co-official with Kyrgyz)
  • Latvia (significant minority)
  • Lithuania (minority)
  • Moldova (co-official with Ukrainian and Romanian in Transnistria)
  • Mongolia (significant minority)
  • Poland (minority)
  • Russia (official)
  • Serbia (minority)
  • Turkey (significant minority)
  • Tajikistan (significant minority)
  • Turkmenistan (significant minority)
  • Ukraine (significant minority, regional in some regions)
  • Uzbekistan (significant minority)

Rusyn

  • Hungary (minority)
  • Poland (minority)
  • Romania (minority)
  • Slovakia (minority)
  • Ukraine (official in Zakarpattia)
  • Serbia (co-official in province of Vojvodina with 5 other languages)

Serbian

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (official with Croatian and Bosnian)
  • Croatia (significant minority)
  • Kosovo (official)
  • Macedonia (minority)
  • Montenegro (minority)
  • Romania (co-official in Caraşova)
  • Serbia (official)

Slovak

  • Czech Republic (minority)
  • Slovakia (official)
  • Serbia (official in province of Vojvodina with 5 other languages)

Slovene

  • Austria (minority)
  • Croatia (minority)
  • Hungary (minority)
  • Italy (co-official in Friuli-Venezia Giulia with Friulian, Italian and German)
  • Slovenia (official)
  • United States (minority in Ohio)[4]

Sorbian, Lower

  • Germany (regional language in Brandenburg)

Sorbian, Upper

  • Germany (regional language in Brandenburg and Saxony)

Ukrainian

  • Argentina (minority)
  • Belarus (significant minority)
  • Brazil (minority)
  • Canada (minority)
  • Kazakhstan (significant minority)
  • Kyrgyzstan (minority)
  • Moldova (significant minority)
  • Poland (minority)
  • Romania (significant minority)
  • Russia (significant minority)
  • Transnistria (co-official with Romanian and Russian)
  • Ukraine (official)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)
  • Uzbekistan (minority)

Mongolic languages

Mongolian

  • China (regional, co-official with Chinese in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region)
  • Mongolia (official)

Turkic languages

Azerbaijani

  • Azerbaijan (official)
  • Iran (regional)
  • Iraq (minority)
  • Georgia (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Syria (minority)
  • Turkey (significant minority)

Uyghur

  • China (regional, co-official with Chinese in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region)
  • Kazakhstan (minority)

Uzbek

  • Afghanistan (minority)
  • China (minority)
  • Kyrgyzstan (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Tajikistan (minority)
  • Turkmenistan (minority)
  • Uzbekistan (official)

Kazakh

  • Afghanistan (minority)
  • China (regional, co-official with Chinese in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region)
  • Iran (minority)
  • Kazakhstan (official)
  • Mongolia (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Tajikistan (minority)
  • Turkey (minority)
  • Turkmenistan (minority)
  • Ukraine (minority)
  • Uzbekistan (minority)

Kyrgyz

  • Afghanistan (minority)
  • China (minority)
  • Kyrgyzstan (official)
  • Pakistan (minority)
  • Tajikistan (minority)

Turkish

  • Turkey (official)
  • Cyprus (co-official with Greek)
  • Iraq (recognized regional lang.)
  • Afghanistan (recognized regional lang.)
  • Kosovo (recognized regional lang.)
  • Macedonia (recognized regional lang.)
  • Romania (recognized minority lang.)
  • Bulgaria (minority)
  • Greece (minority)
  • Germany (significant minority)

Turkmen

  • Turkmenistan (official)
  • Iran (minority)
  • Afghanistan (minority)
  • Russia (spoken in Stavropol Krai)
  • Turkey (minority)

Gagauz

  • Gagauzia (official language of the autonomous region of Gagauzia, Moldova)
  • Moldova (recognized minority language)
  • Ukraine (recognized minority language)

Tatar

  • Tatarstan (official language of the Republic of Tatarstan)
  • Russia (spoken in Russia and in former Soviet Union)
  • Turkey (minority)

Crimean Tatar

  • Crimea Ukraine (spoken and protected but not officially recognized language of Ukraine)
  • Romania (minority language in Dobroudja)
  • Turkey (minority)

Afro-Asiatic languages

Semitic languages

Arabic

  • Africa

    • Algeria (official)
    • Comoros (co-official with French)
    • Chad (co-official with French)
    • Djibouti (co-official with French)
    • Egypt (official)
    • Eritrea (co-official with Tigrinya)
    • Libya (official)
    • Mauritania (official)
    • Morocco (co-official with Berber)
    • Somalia (co-official with Somali)
    • Sudan (official)
    • Tunisia (official)
    • Western Sahara
  • Asia

    • Bahrain (official)
    • Iraq (co-official with Kurdish)
    • Israel (co-official with Hebrew)
    • Jordan (official)
    • Kuwait (official)
    • Lebanon (official)
    • Oman (official)
    • Palestine (official)
    • Qatar (official)
    • Saudi Arabia (official)
    • Syria (official)
    • United Arab Emirates (official)
    • Yemen (official)
    • Iran (regional)
    • Afghanistan (regional/religious)
    • Philippines (optional language along with Spanish)
  • Europe

    • France (minority)
    • Germany (minority)
    • Italy (minority)
    • Netherlands (minority)
    • Spain (minority)
    • Sweden (minority)
    • Turkey (significant minority)
    • UK (minority)
  • Oceania

    • Australia (minority)
  • North America

    • United States (significant minority)[3]
    • Canada (minority)
  • South America

    Liturgical language of Islam

    • Argentina (minority, immigrants from Lebanon)
    • Brazil (minority, see Arab Brazilian)

Hebrew

  • Israel (official)
  • Liturgical language of Judaism

Maltese

  • Malta (official language)

Dravidian languages

Badaga

  • India (minority)

Brahui

  • Pakistan (minority, spoken in Balochistan)
  • Iran (minority, spoken in Balochistan)
  • Afghanistan (minority, spoken in Balochistan)
  • Turkmenistan (minority)

Chenchu

  • India (minority)

Duruwa

  • India (minority)

Gondi

  • India (minority)

Kolami

  • India (minority)

Koraga

  • India (minority)

Kota

  • India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Koya

  • India (minority)

Kui

  • India (minority)

Kumarbhag Paharia

  • India (minority)

Kurukh

  • Bangladesh (minority)
  • India (minority)

Maria

  • India (minority)

Nagarchal

  • India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Pardhan

  • India (minority)

Sauria Paharia

  • India (minority)
  • Bangladesh (minority)

Toda

  • India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Telugu

  • India (official)Andhra Pradesh
  • USA (minority)
  • Canada (minority)
  • Australia (minority)
  • Germany (minority)
  • Denmark (minority)
  • Sweden (minority)
  • New Zealand (minority)

Kannada

  • India (official in Karnataka state)
  • United States (minority)
  • Germany (minority)
  • Canada (minority)
  • Australia (minority)
  • Malaysia (minority)
  • France (minority)
  • Singapore (minority)

Tamil

  • India (official in Tamil Nadu)
  • Singapore (official)
  • Sri Lanka (official)
  • Malaysia (official)
  • Canada (minority)
  • Mauritius (minority)
  • South Africa (minority)

Malayalam

  • India (official at state of kerala)
  • Bahrain (minority)

Tulu

  • India (minority)

Kodava

  • India (minority)

Ollari

  • India (minority)

Japonic languages

Japanese

  • Brazil (minority)
  • China (minority)[citation needed]
  • Japan (official)
  • Philippines (minority)
  • Peru (minority)
  • Taiwan (minority)
  • United States (minority)
  • Palau (Official in Angaur)

Ryukyuan

  • Japan (minority)
  • Brazil (minority)

Language isolate

Basque

  • France (majority in Northern Basque Country)
  • Spain (co-official with Spanish in Basque Country and parts of Navarre)

Korean

  • Asia

    • China (minority, co-official with Chinese in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province)
    • Japan (minority)
    • North Korea (official)
    • South Korea (official)
  • Americas

    • United States (not official – minority)[3]
    • Brazil (minority)

Nihali

  • India (minority, endangered language)

South Caucasian languages

Georgian

  • Georgia (official)
  • Turkey (minority)
  • Iran
  • Azerbaijan

Mingrelian language

  • Georgia (significant language)
  • Abkhazia (significant language)

Svan language

  • Georgia

Laz language

  • Turkey (significant language)
  • Georgia

Sino-Tibetan languages

Chinese or Sinitic languages

Cantonese

  • Africa

    • Angola (minority)
    • Cape Verde (minority)
    • Mauritius (minority)
    • South Africa (minority)
  • Asia

    • Brunei (minority)
    • Cambodia (minority)
    • China (regional)
    • Hong Kong (co-official with English)
    • Indonesia (minority)
    • Japan (minority)
    • Laos (minority)
    • Macau (co-official with Portuguese)
    • Malaysia (minority)
    • Burma (minority)
    • North Korea (minority)
    • Philippines (minority)
    • Singapore (minority)
    • South Korea (minority)
    • Thailand (minority)
    • Vietnam (minority)
  • Europe

    • Bulgaria (minority)
    • France (minority)
    • Germany (minority)
    • Ireland (minority)
    • Italy (minority)
    • Netherlands (minority)
    • Romania (minority)
    • Russia (minority)
    • Serbia (minority)
    • Spain (minority)
    • United Kingdom (minority)
  • North America

    • Canada (minority)
    • Cuba (minority)
    • Dominican Republic (minority)
    • Jamaica (minority)
    • Mexico (minority)
    • Nicaragua (minority)
    • Panama (minority)
    • Trinidad and Tobago (minority)
    • United States (minority)
  • Oceania

    • Australia (minority)
    • Fiji (minority)
    • New Zealand (minority)
    • Samoa (minority)
    • Tonga (minority)
  • South America

    • Argentina (minority)
    • Brazil (minority)
    • Chile (regional)
    • Guyana (minority)
    • Peru (minority)
    • Suriname (minority)

Gaoyang

  • China (regional)

Taishanese

  • Africa

    • South Africa (minority)
  • Asia

    • China (regional)
    • Indonesia (minority)
    • Malaysia (minority)
    • Philippines (minority)
    • Singapore (minority)
    • Thailand (minority)
    • Vietnam (minority)
  • Europe

    • United Kingdom (minority)
  • North America

    • Canada (minority)
    • United States (minority)
  • Oceania

    • Australia (minority)
    • New Zealand (minority)
  • South America

    • Brazil (minority)
    • Peru (minority)

Hakka

  • Africa

    • Angola (minority)
    • Cape Verde (minority)
    • Mauritius (minority)
    • South Africa (minority)
  • Asia

    • Brunei (minority)
    • Cambodia (minority)
    • China (regional)
    • Hong Kong (minority)
    • Indonesia (minority)
    • Japan (minority)
    • Laos (minority)
    • Macau (minority)
    • Malaysia (minority)
    • Burma (minority)
    • North Korea (minority)
    • Philippines (minority)
    • Singapore (minority)
    • South Korea (minority)
    • Taiwan (minority)
    • Thailand (minority)
    • Vietnam (minority)
  • Europe
    • Bulgaria (minority)
    • France (minority)
    • Germany (minority)
    • Ireland (minority)
    • Italy (minority)
    • Netherlands (minority)
    • Romania (minority)
    • Russia (minority)
    • Serbia (minority)
    • Spain (minority)
    • United Kingdom (minority)
  • North America

    • Canada (minority)
    • Cuba (minority)
    • Dominican Republic (minority)
    • Jamaica (minority)
    • Mexico (minority)
    • Nicaragua (minority)
    • Panama (minority)
    • Trinidad and Tobago (minority)
    • United States (minority)
  • Oceania

    • Australia (minority)
    • Fiji (minority)
    • New Zealand (minority)
    • Samoa (minority)
    • Tonga (minority)
  • South America

    • Argentina (minority)
    • Brazil (minority)
    • Chile (regional)
    • Guyana (minority)
    • Peru (minority)
    • Suriname (minority)

Hui

  • China (regional)

Jin

  • China (regional)

Mandarin

Standard Chinese

  • Africa

    • Angola (minority)
    • Cape Verde (minority)
    • Mauritius (minority)
    • South Africa (minority)
  • Asia

    • Brunei (minority)
    • Cambodia (minority)
    • China (national)
    • Hong Kong (co-official with English and Cantonese)
    • Indonesia (minority)
    • Japan (minority)
    • Laos (minority)
    • Macau (co-official with Portuguese and Cantonese)
    • Malaysia (minority)
    • Burma (minority)
    • North Korea (minority)
    • Philippines (minority)
    • Singapore (co-official with Tamil, English, and Malay)
    •  South Korea (minority)
    • Taiwan (official)
    • Thailand (minority)
    • Vietnam (minority)
  • Europe

    • Bulgaria (minority)
    • France (minority)
    • Germany (minority)
    • Ireland (minority)
    • Italy (minority)
    • Netherlands (minority)
    • Romania (minority)
    • Russia (minority)
    • Serbia (minority)
    • Spain (minority)
    • United Kingdom (minority)
  • North America

    • Canada (minority)
    • Cuba (minority)
    • Dominican Republic (minority)
    • Jamaica (minority)
    • Mexico (minority)
    • Nicaragua (minority)
    • Panama (minority)
    • Trinidad and Tobago (minority)
    • United States (minority)[3]
  • Oceania

    • Australia (minority)
    • Fiji (minority)
    • New Zealand (minority)
    • Samoa (minority)
    • Tonga (minority)
  • South America

    • Argentina (minority)
    • Brazil (minority)
    • Chile (regional)
    • Guyana (minority)
    • Peru (minority)
    • Suriname (minority)

Min

Leizhou Min

  • China (regional)

Min Bei

  • China (regional)

Min Dong

  • China (regional)

Min Nan

  • Africa

    • Angola (minority)
    • Cape Verde (minority)
    • Mauritius (minority)
    • South Africa (minority)
  • Asia

    • Brunei (minority)
    • Cambodia (minority)
    • China (regional)
    • Hong Kong (minority)
    • Indonesia (minority)
    • Japan (minority)
    • Laos (minority)
    • Macau (minority)
    • Malaysia (minority, lingua franca in Penang)
    • Burma (minority)
    • North Korea (minority)
    • Philippines (minority)
    • Singapore (minority)
    • South Korea (minority)
    • Taiwan (widely spoken, lingua franca alongside with Mandarin, see Taiwanese Minnan)
    • Thailand (minority)
    • Vietnam (minority)
  • Europe

    • Bulgaria (minority)
    • France (minority)
    • Germany (minority)
    • Ireland (minority)
    • Italy (minority)
    • Netherlands (minority)
    • Romania (minority)
    • Russia (minority)
    • Serbia (minority)
    • Spain (minority)
    • United Kingdom (minority)
  • North America

    • Canada (minority)
    • Cuba (minority)
    • Dominican Republic (minority)
    • Jamaica (minority)
    • Mexico (minority)
    • Nicaragua (minority)
    • Panama (minority)
    • Trinidad and Tobago (minority)
    • United States (minority)
  • Oceania

    • Australia (minority)
    • Fiji (minority)
    • New Zealand (minority)
    • Samoa (minority)
    • Tonga (minority)
  • South America

    • Argentina (minority)
    • Brazil (minority)
    • Chile (regional)
    • Guyana (minority)
    • Peru (minority)
    • Suriname (minority)

Min Zhong

  • China (regional)

Puxian Min

  • China (regional)

Hainanese

  • China (regional)

Pinghua

  • China (regional)

Wu

  • China (regional)
  • Hong Kong (minority)
  • United States (minority)

Xiang

  • China (regional)

Malayo-Polynesian languages

Bornean

Brunei Malay

  • Brunei (regional)
  • Malaysia (minority)

Coastal Kadazan

  • Malaysia (minority)

Iban

  • Brunei (minority)
  • Indonesia (minority)
  • Malaysia (minority)

Malagasy

  • Comoros (minority)
  • Madagascar (official)
  • Mayotte (minority)

Philippines

Aklanon

  • Philippines (minority)

Bikol

  • Philippines (regional)

Bolinao

  • Philippines (regional)

Cebuano

  • Philippines (regional)

Cuyonon

  • Philippines (minority)

Filipino

  • Philippines (official)

Hiligaynon

  • Philippines (regional)
  • United States (minority)

Ibanag

  • Philippines (regional)

Ifugao

  • Philippines (minority)

Ilokano

  • Philippines (regional)

Ivatan

  • Philippines (minority)

Kalinga

  • Philippines (minority)

Kamayo

  • Philippines (minority)

Kankana-ey

  • Philippines (minority)

Kapampangan

  • Philippines (regional)

Kinaray-a

  • Philippines (minority)

Maguindanao

  • Philippines (regional)

Maranao

  • Philippines (regional)

Masbatenyo

  • Philippines (minority)

Pangasinan

  • Philippines (regional)

Romblomanon

  • Philippines (minority)

Surigaonon

  • Philippines (minority)

Tagalog

  • Australia (minority)
  • Brunei (minority)
  • Canada (minority)
  • Hong Kong (minority)
  • Italy (minority)
  • Japan (minority)
  • Kuwait (minority)
  • Malaysia (minority)
  • Philippines (regional)
  • Qatar (minority)
  • Saudi Arabia (minority)
  • Singapore (minority)
  • Spain (minority)
  • Taiwan (minority)
  • United Arab Emirates (minority)
  • United Kingdom (minority)
  • United States (minority)[3]

Tao

  • Taiwan (minority)

Tausug

  • Brunei (minority)
  • Indonesia (minority)
  • Malaysia (minority)
  • Philippines (regional)

Waray-Waray

  • Philippines (regional)

Zambal

  • Philippines (regional)

Oceanic

East Fijian

Fijian

  • Fiji (official)

Micronesian

Carolinian

  • Northern Mariana Islands (official)
  • Guam (minority)

Chuukese

  • Federated States of Micronesia (regional)

Gilbertese

  • Fiji (minority)
  • Kiribati (official)
  • Nauru (minority)
  • Solomon Islands (minority)
  • Tuvalu (minority)
  • Vanuatu (minority)

Kosraean

  • Federated States of Micronesia (regional)

Marshallese

  • Marshall Islands (official)

Nauruan

  • Nauru (official)

Pohnpeian

  • Federated States of Micronesia (regional)

Sosorolese

  • Palau (regional)

Tobian

  • Palau (regional)

Ulithian

  • Federated States of Micronesia (regional)

Yapese

  • Federated States of Micronesia (regional)

Polynesian

Cook Islands Māori

  • Cook Islands (official)

Futunan

  • Wallis and Futuna (official)

Hawaiian

  • Hawaii (official)

Māori

  • New Zealand (co-official with English and New Zealand Sign Language)

Niuean

  • Cook Islands (minority)
  • Niue (official)
  • New Zealand (minority)
  • Tonga (minority)

Rapa Nui

  • Easter Island (official)

Samoan

  • American Samoa (official)
  • Samoa (official)

Tahitan

  • French Polynesia (official)

Tokelauan

  • Tokelau (official)

Tongan

  • Tonga (official)

Tuvaluan

  • Tuvalu (official)

Wallisian

  • Wallis and Futuna (official)

Sunda–Sulawesi

Acehnese

  • Indonesia (minority)

Balinese

  • Indonesia (minority)

Banjarese

  • Indonesia (minority)

Batak Toba

  • Indonesia (minority)

Buginese

  • Indonesia (minority)

Chamorro

  • Guam (official)
  • Northern Mariana Islands (official)

Indonesian

  • Indonesia (official)
  • Timor-Leste (co-official)
  • Malaysia (minority)
  • Brunei (minority)
  • Singapore (minority)
  • Thailand (minority)
  • Philippines (minority)

Javanese

  • Indonesia (minority)

Lampung

  • Indonesia (minority)

Madurese

  • Indonesia (minority)

Makassarese

  • Indonesia (minority)

Malay

  • Brunei (official)
  • Indonesia (minority)
  • Malaysia (official)
  • Singapore (co-official)

Minangkabau

  • Indonesia (minority)
  • Malaysia (minority)

Palauan

  • Palau (official)

Rejang

  • Indonesia (minority)

Sasak

  • Indonesia (minority)

Tetum

  • Timor-Leste (official)

Uralic languages

Estonian

  • Estonia (official)
  • Finland (minority)
  • Russia (minority)

Finnish

  • Finland (co-official with Swedish except in Åland Islands, where Swedish is the only official language)
  • Estonia (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Sweden (minority)

Hungarian

  • Hungary (official)
  • Serbia (minority)
  • Romania (minority)
  • Slovakia (minority)
  • Austria (minority)
  • Ukraine (minority)

Sami

  • Finland (minority)
  • Norway (minority)
  • Russia (minority)
  • Sweden (minority)

Na-Dene

Apachean

Navajo

  • USA

Apache

Chiricahua

  • USA

Jicarilla

  • USA

Lipan Apache

  • USA

Plains Apache

  • USA

Mescalero

  • USA

Western Apache

  • USA

Austroasiatic

Khmer

  • Cambodia (official)

Mon

  • Burma Recognised regional language
  • Thailand (minority)

Vietnamese

  • Vietnam (official)
  • USA (minority)[3]

Tai–Kadai

Lao

  • Laos (official)
  • Thailand (minority)

Thai

  • Thailand (official)

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